World Water Day: An Overview of Water Crisis in Gujarat
15 major and minor irrigation schemes in north Gujarat, but that are not sufficient
Water will turn out to be the world’s most valuable resource soon. Half of the world’s population will face keen water scarcity by 2030. In the next two decades, all the major Indian cities will run dry, says a World Bank report.
Of the 27 Asian cities with populace of over 10 lakh (1 million), Chennai and Delhi have been ranked as the worst performing metropolitan cities in terms of water ease of use per day, while Mumbai is the second worst performer, and Kolkata the fourth worst.
The statistics on water scarcity are frightening. By 2050, there will be 2.5 billion more people on the planet and a good majority will be born in nations already facing a awful water scarcity.
Water shortage has already led to a growing number of arguments across the country, with 90 per cent of India’s territory served by inter-state rivers.
Out of about 15 major and minor irrigation schemes in north Gujarat, not a single is full. Against the storage capacity of 69,129.99 million cubic feet (MCFT), the dams in north Gujarat have just 20,675.52 MCFT of water. This means only 30 per cent of water is at hand against full capacity. It is sure that north Gujarat will have to depend heavily on Narmada and bore water to meet the drinking water needs in coming months.
According to Water supply and water possessions minister Nitin Patel “The situation is not satisfactory in north Gujarat. We will have to depend heavily on ground water and Narmada for drinking water needs. Farmers have previously drawn required water from dams and check dams. Therefore there would be no more drawing of water from dams.”
According to official data, there are 195 dams in the state, 11 are overflowing, 52 dams had water over 90 per cent of the storage facility, while another 24 had over 80 per cent water. However, there were still 83 dams which have less then 40 per cent water. The remaining 36 dams have water between 80 and 40 per cent.
The data also exposed that the situation is alarming in Gujarat’s northern most district Banaskantha where dams have just 4.9 per cent water, followed by Surendranagar in Saurashtra with 21.25 per cent water. Dams of Ahmedabad district have 31.37 per cent water.
Official said that dams of Saurashtra and south Gujarat have 63 per cent water whereas those in central Gujarat have virtually 61 per cent water.